An Easy Way To Write A Research Paper Outline In The Turabian Style


Every student may encounter a situation wherein he or she will be forced to write an academic paper. Indeed, when he or she composes research papers, the student may find his task too burdensome since this form of assignment involves a great amount of time and thorough research.

One thing more is that it is necessary to complete the composition. In actuality, the tasks keep on piling up till you notice that you no longer have enough time to compose a writing task at all. Needless to say, it is very crucial for your academic performance; however, you are stuck with the entire additional task.

Turabian style actually presents 2 basic documentation systems; the author-date style and notes-bibliography style. These styles are significantly similar to those presented in the 16th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style with minimal changes for the needs of student writers.

It is critical to note that bibliography style is utilized broadly in history, literature and the arts. In point of fact, this style presents bibliographic data in endnotes and footnotes and, commonly, a bibliography. Take note that the more succinct author-date style has long been utilized in the social, natural and physical sciences.

Not to mention, sources in this system are concisely indicated in parentheses by the last name of the author as well as the publication’s date. Meanwhile, the parenthetical citations are elaborated in a list of references wherein there is complete bibliographic data provided. Apart from the use of parenthetical references versus notes in the text, the 2 systems actually share a similar style.

Be reminded that when utilizing Turabian notes format, newspaper articles do not require to be taken into account in the bibliography section; however, they should be taken account as notes. On the other hand, for books which are electronically published, if a book is available in more than one format, it is imperative to indicate the version which you have consulted. It is very important to include a URL and an access date for books consulted online.

Furthermore, you may provide the database’s name instead of a URL if you happen to consult in a commercial database or the book in a library. It is worthy to note that if there is no fixed page numbers which are available, then, you may include a chapter, a section title or other number.

Please be guided that it is necessary to list all of the authors in the bibliography if you have 4 or more authors. Cite only the first writer or author and this must then be followed by “et al” which implies “and others” in the note.